A subordinate skill is a skill that must be achieved in order to learn some higher or superordinate skill.
Three approaches: procedural, hierarchical, and combination of both. It depends on the behavior described in the instructional goal.
The procedural Approach
It is used when the behavior to be taught is a series of behaviors which must be performed in sequence to achieve the goal.
Examples: to make a long-distance call, to make a recipe (fried rice), and to open a can
The Hierarchical Approach
It is used when prior subordinate skills are learned before the superordinate skills can be achieved.
Examples: addition, subtraction, multiplication in mathematics, prerequisite courses for many courses offered in colleges and universities.
The Combination Approach
It is used with a complex psychomotor skills or a relatively complex linear chain of cognitive tasks.
Examples: to parallel park a car, to open and maintain a checking, account for two months.
Filed under: Teori Pendidikan |